發布時間 2023.07.11, AT 06:01 PM
公督盟副執行長甘順基受邀參與國際民主與選舉協助國際研究所（IDEA）主辦的「公民監督議會」的網路研討會。該會議除了邀請公督盟，另有斐濟公民憲法論壇（CCF）專案經理路易莎·拉吉萊武(Luisa Lagilevu)以及萬那杜非政府組織協會（VANGO）主席威廉·納薩克(William Nasak)。
In the webinar hosted by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA), titled “Citizens Watching Parliament,” we heard from three experts in parliamentary monitoring: James Kan, Vice President of Citizen Congress Watch (CCW); Luisa Lagilevu, a Program Manager for the Citizens Constitutional Forum (CCF); and William Nasak, the chairman of the Vanuatu Association of NGOs (VANGO).
As Vice President of the CCW James Kan said, democracy begins after the votes are cast. This has always been the driving principle of the CCW as they seek to keep Taiwan’s legislators accountable to the citizens who elected them. Before the CCW was founded, negligence and dereliction of duty from legislators was common, with some not even attending the meetings they were responsible for. This was only made worse by the lack of public information of what happened in the legislature, which made it almost impossible for the average citizen to keep track of their legislators. This is why the CCW began to monitor legislators, evaluating their involvement in the legislative process and making the findings open to the public. This includes the easily understood categories of “outstanding” and “under observation” legislators, which allows citizens to easily keep track of exceptional legislators who have either exceeded or failed their duties. The CCW also evaluates the conduct of legislators more broadly, including qualitative evaluations sourced from the public. The attendance and participation rates for legislators have already increased since the CCW began, knowing that they will be held accountable for their actions. Beyond the core goal of monitoring the legislative Yuan, the CCW has also hosted events with legislators, schools, and international organizations, all with the common goal of spreading the importance of legislative monitoring and keeping citizens involved in politics.
During the Q&A session, the speaker also shared the progress and process of Taiwan's Open Parliament Action plan. It is hoped that the parliament will move towards integrating the concepts of monitoring and openness, harnessing the power of civic technology communities, and enabling the public to participate more easily in the legislative process and national budget reviews through the use of monitoring experience and open data, ultimately achieving a truly open parliament.
The second speaker, Luisa Lagilevu, is a Program Manager for the Citizens Constitutional Forum (CCF) of Fiji. Ms. Lagilevu provided the attendees of the webinar with insight into CCF’s recent parliamentary project from 2020 to 2021. This project was focused on disseminating parliamentary information to the Fijian public and civil society organizations, education on parliamentary standing orders, and infographics on the parliamentary calendar. This project also included workshops regarding budget cycles and drafting budget submissions, which were submitted to the budget division of the ministry of finance. Ms. Lagilevu also mentioned difficulties in conducting the project. Firstly, Fijian civil society organizations would receive pushback when questioning the government, especially during COVID-19. Additionally, the pandemic made the execution of the project more difficult. Overall, the 117 participants in the program became more aware of the Fijian parliamentary process.
The final speaker, William Nasak, is the chairman of the Vanuatu Association of NGOs (VANGO). Mr. Nasak shared details of VANGO’s strategic plan of parliamentary monitoring which is projected to launch on August 2, 2023. The primary goal of this strategic plan is to hold the government more accountable for the budget that it passes. In Vanuatu, information on the budget given to the public is often outdated, and the public is only made aware once the budget is already passed in parliament. With assistance from the ombudsman and the auditor general's office, as well as local and regional experts, VANGO seeks to evaluate and produce reports on government expenditure to provide to the public.
If you’d like to see the full speeches, you can find the recording here: https://www.facebook.com/InternationalIDEA/videos/1001426724625427